There are several versions of the origin of this name.
The first one says that the city of Akmola was named after a white limestone hill.
The second version belongs to Byzantine author Prokopius.
He wrote in his writings that the Huns called a high hill or fortress “mola”.
And the third option: Akmola has always been the main center of cattle fairs, known for the abundance and variety of meat and dairy products (kumys, ayran, kurt, shubat, etc.). Consequently, the name of the city translates as “white holy place” or “white abundance”.
Kazakh Soviet Encyclopedia states that “Akmola is a structure made of white stone, over which quadrangular walls a dome was erected that resembles the upper part of a yurt or half a sphere. The dome glittering in the sun was visible from afar, which gave special beauty to the banks of the Yessil River.” Therefore, the name Akmola became the name of this region.
The steppes of Akmola since ancient times have been a place where various cultures and civilizations met. In the middle of the first millennium BC, the historian Herodotus mentioned the route through the Great Steppe (later the Great Silk Road), which ran here. Caravan routes contributed to the flourishing of trade and handicrafts in cities traditionally occupied with livestock and agriculture.
In 1992 Tselinograd was renamed to Akmola. And on July 6, 1994, a resolution of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan was adopted on the transfer of the capital from Almaty to Akmola.